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Labour’s ‘quite ambitious’ electric car strategy is expected to be unveiled this week | Electric vehicles



Australia’s long-awaited national EV strategy is expected to be released this week, finally detailing the introduction of pollution standards that should accelerate EV adoption.

Industry sources say federal climate change and energy minister Chris Bowen will unveil the strategy ahead of an event in western Sydney on Wednesday.

“We are expecting something very ambitious,” said one of those informed.

Bowen’s office declined to confirm a timeline or details of the strategy, saying only that it “will be launched soon.” The plans “will provide a nationally agreed comprehensive framework to address demand, supply and infrastructure needs for cleaner and cheaper vehicles,” the spokesman said.

Australia is the only OECD country that does not have or is in the process of developing fuel efficiency standards. Bowen said last August that Australian consumers could choose from just eight low-emission vehicles under $60,000 compared to 26 available in the UK.

Since then, the Impetus has only been assembled internationally, with the US becoming the latest country to set much stricter emission standards. Under changes proposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency, unveiled this week, the share of electric vehicles in the world’s second-largest car market could rise from about 6% last year to 66% by 2032.

“Vehicle emissions contribute to the formation of ozone, particulate matter and airborne toxins that are associated with premature death and other serious health outcomes, including respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer,” the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said, explaining the need for new standards. .

“Furthermore, there is consensus that the effects of climate change are a rapidly growing threat to human health and the environment … caused by greenhouse gas emissions from human activities, including road transport.”

Asked if Australia could achieve two out of every three purchases of electric vehicles, Bowen said he thought “Australia can catch up with the rest of the world.”

“You look at the UK, the United States, other countries that are far ahead of electric vehicle sales in Australia,” he said on Thursday.

“Part of this is a supply issue because we don’t require low emission cars to be shipped to Australia because we don’t have fuel efficiency standards,” Bowen said. “This is partly because the previous government moved away from electric vehicles.

“Sales of battery electric vehicles in the first quarter of this year are 2.5 times higher than in [the same time] last year,” he said.

The government said it had received more than 500 proposals for a strategy consultation paper. They represent over 1,500 individuals and over 200 organizations.

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Industry groups such as the Electric Vehicle Council have warned that Australia’s status “as the world’s dumping ground for obsolete, high-emission vehicles will be cemented unless the Albanian government takes swift action to catch up with new fuel efficiency standards,” Biden announced. administration this week.

“This repositioning of the US has huge implications for Australia,” Behyad Jafari, director general of the council, said in a statement.

“Automotive companies will now strive to meet the stricter standards set in the US, Europe, China and even New Zealand.

“We know the federal government is slowly working on a new electric vehicle policy,” Jafari said. “This move in the US means the signal has sounded. The time for talking has come to an end, we know what needs to be done, so let’s introduce strict new standards for fuel efficiency now.

“The US first put fuel efficiency standards into law in the 1970s and have been strengthening them ever since,” Jafari said. “There will be a discussion paper about them in Australia in 2023. It’s ridiculous.”

Industry representatives have also raised concerns about the strategy, which will require further public feedback once it is announced, with the result that changes to emissions standards will not come into effect until next year at the earliest.


Botanist Stefano Mancuso: “You can anesthetize all plants. It’s extremely exciting’ | plants



BBorn in Calabria in 1965, Stefano Mancuso is a pioneer in the plant neuroscience movement that seeks to understand “how plants perceive their circumstances and respond in a complex manner to environmental influences.” Michael Pollan New Yorker described him as “a poet-philosopher of the movement determined to give plants the recognition they deserve.” Mancuso teaches at the University of Florence, his alma mater, where he directs the International Plant Neurobiology Laboratory. He has written five bestselling books on plants.

What underlies your love for plants?
I started getting interested in plants at university. One of my tasks while working on my doctoral dissertation was to understand how a root growing in the soil can bypass an obstacle. My idea was to film this movement, but I saw something different: the root changed direction long before it touched the obstacle. He was able to sense the obstacle and find a more comfortable direction. It was my first moment of insight when I began to imagine that plants are intelligent organisms.

You call your field plant neuroscience. This is a provocation?
At first this was not true at all, I began to think that almost all the statements about the brain that I heard were true for plants. A neuron is not a miracle cell, it is a normal cell capable of producing an electrical signal. In plants, almost every cell is capable of doing this. The main difference between animals and plants, in my opinion, is that animals concentrate certain functions inside their organs. As for plants, they spread everything throughout the body, including the intellect. So in the beginning it was not a provocation, but there was a strong resistance among my colleagues to the use of such terminology, and so after that it became a provocation.

What did you hope to achieve with your A new book, tree stories?
What I would like to popularize is, firstly, the many abilities of plants that we usually cannot feel and understand, because they are very different from us. Secondly, when talking about life on this planet, not talking about plants, which make up 87% of life, is nonsense.

You passionately advocate filling cities with trees. Why is it so important?
We produce 75% of our CO₂ in cities, and the best way to remove that CO₂ is to use trees. The closer a tree is to a source of carbon emissions, the better they absorb it. According to our research, we could plant about 200 billion trees in our urban areas. To do this, we really need to imagine a new type of city, completely covered with plants, without any border between nature and the city.

You have a fascinating chapter on a stump that has been supported by neighboring trees for decades. What can people learn from tree communities?
Plants cooperate so incredibly with each other because cooperation is the most efficient way to ensure the survival of species. Misunderstanding the power of community is one of [humanity’s] basic mistakes. At the beginning of the last century, there was a very smart evolutionary biologist, Peter Kropotkin, who said that when there are fewer resources and the environment changes, then cooperation is much more effective. [than competition]. This is an important teaching for us today because we are entering a period of resource depletion and the environment is changing due to global warming.

To what extent can plants communicate with each other? If you have a spectrum with rocks on one end and people on the other, where do the plants sit?
I would say very close to the person. Communication means that you can convey a message and there is something that can receive it, and in this sense, plants are great communicators. If you cannot move, if you are rooted, it is extremely important for you to communicate a lot. We experienced this during self-isolation when we were stuck at home and the internet traffic skyrocketed. Plants are required to communicate a lot, and they use different systems. The most important is the volatiles or chemicals that are emitted into the atmosphere and transferred to other plants. It is an extremely complex form of communication, a kind of vocabulary. Every single molecule means something, and they mix very different molecules together to send a specific message.

The idea that plants are sentient is debatable enough, but you’ve taken it one step further by arguing that plants are conscious to some degree…
Talking about consciousness is incredibly difficult, first of all, because we don’t really know what consciousness is, even in our case. But there is a way to talk about it as a real biological feature: consciousness is something that we all have, except when we are very fast asleep or under anesthesia. My approach to studying consciousness in plants was similar. I started by testing to see if they were sensitive to anesthetics and found that it was possible to anesthetize all plants using the same anesthetics that work on humans. It’s extremely exciting. We thought consciousness was connected to the brain, but I think both consciousness and intelligence are more embodied and connected to the whole body.

So you can put the plan to sleep?
We’re working to see if it’s okay to say so. This is an incredibly difficult task, but we think that before the end of this year we will be able to demonstrate it.

As we learn more about the sophistication and sensitivity of plants, should we think twice before eating them?
This is an interesting question. Many vegans have written to me asking about this. Firstly, I think it’s ethical to eat plants because we are animals, and as animals we can only survive by eating other living organisms – this is a law that we cannot break. Secondly, it is much more ethical to eat a plant than, for example, beef, because to produce a kilogram of beef, you need to kill a ton of plants, so it is much better to eat a kilogram of plants directly. The third point is that it is very difficult for us to imagine ourselves as plants, because for us to be eaten is an ancestral nightmare, while plants evolved to be eaten, this is part of the cycle. The fruit is an organ designed to be eaten by animals.

So fruit is probably the most ethical thing you can eat, even more than, say, cabbage?
Perhaps fruit is the most ethical, but after that you need to defecate on the ground because otherwise you break the cycle.

Tree Stories: How Trees Plant Our World and Link Our Lives published April 20 by Profile Books (£14.99). For support guardians another Observer order a copy at Shipping charges may apply

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New Study Suggests T.Rex Really Had Scaly Lips



NEW YORK (AP) – Tyrannosaurus rex is often depicted with massive, sharp teeth like a ferocious creature in Jurassic Park. But a new study suggests that this classic image may be wrong.

The teeth of Tyrannosaurus Rex and other large theropods were probably covered in scaly lips. a study published Thursday in the journal Science. The scientists found that the dinosaur’s teeth did not stick out when its mouth was closed, and even with a wide open bite, you could only see the tips.

The study is the latest in a long correspondence about what dinosaur mouths actually looked like.

Recent images show large teeth protruding from dinosaur jaws even when closed. Some thought the predators’ teeth were too big to fit in their mouths, said study author Thomas Cullen, a paleontologist at Auburn University in Alabama.

When the researchers compared the skulls of dinosaurs and living reptiles, they found that this was not the case. Some large monitor lizards have larger teeth than a Tyrannosaurus rex relative to the size of their skull, Cullen says, and they can still fit under the scaly lips.

The scientists also found clues in the wear patterns of tooth surfaces.

In a creature like a crocodile with teeth sticking out of its mouth, the open part wears out quickly — “like someone put a grinder to the tooth,” said study author Mark Whitton, a paleoartist at the University of England in England. Portsmouth.

But when the researchers analyzed the tooth of Daspletosaurus, a relative of Tyrannosaurus Rex, they found that it was in good condition and didn’t have that uneven pattern of damage.

With this evidence and other clues from dinosaur anatomy, the study provides a good basis for lipped tyrannosaurs, according to University of Maryland paleontologist Thomas Holtz, who was not involved in the study. However, “we are not talking about kissing lips,” he pointed out – they should be thin and scaly, like those of a Komodo dragon, a large lizard.

This isn’t the first time our depictions of dinosaurs have been questioned: other studies have shown that Tyrannosaurus Rex was more hunched over than we’re used to thinking, and that the ferocious Velociraptors likely wore feathers. Most of what we know about dinosaurs comes from their bones, but it can be harder to get clear answers about soft tissues like skin that aren’t usually preserved as fossils.

Adding lips can make dinosaurs less ferocious, but still more realistic, Witton says.

“You don’t really see the monster,” he said. “You see an animal.”

The Associated Press Department of Health and Science receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Science and Education Media Group. AP is solely responsible for all content.

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Physicists discover giant magnetoresistance in graphene



The record high magnetoresistance is exhibited in graphene under ambient conditions, according to a new study from the University of Manchester.

The post “Physicists discover giant magnetoresistance in graphene” first appeared on Sci.News: Breaking Science News.

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