Connect with us


New operating system for healthcare



However, much better integration is expected in the not too distant future, Sutaria says. And when that happens, today’s health information management will seem as outdated as sending a telegram. “Cloud infrastructure that becomes ubiquitous will unlock this potential,” says Sutaria. “If you choose to share your data, your doctor will know your steps and stress levels from the apps you use, and smart pill packs will be able to record whether you are taking medication. If you have chest pain, paramedics will be able to access your ambulance records and share your prehospital history with the host hospital. The ER doctor will already prescribe your treatment because he has a complete risk profile for you and will take you straight to the cath lab.”

This shift could start with a new understanding of the power of connected health data. In the US, for example, the historically decentralized nature of healthcare has been a barrier, but recent legislation requiring interoperable EHR master data and confirming patient ownership of their health data is changing that.

“These two provisions started a movement that I believe cannot be stopped,” says Sutaria. “This is already a game changer because the law says providers must share this data wherever the patient who owns the data tells them to share it.” After a long rule-making period, these provisions came into effect at the end of 2022.

Download report

This content was prepared by Insights, the user-generated content division of MIT Technology Review. This was not written by the editors of the MIT Technology Review.


Police Scotland received an official notice about the cloud system



The Scottish Biometrics Commissioner has issued an information notice to Police Scotland requiring the force to demonstrate that the deployment of a cloud-based digital evidence system complies with UK law enforcement data protection regulations.

In early April 2023, Computer Weekly reported that the Scottish Government’s Digital Evidence Exchange (DESC) service, contracted to wearable video provider Axon for delivery and hosted on Microsoft Azure, is currently in pilot mode despite significant concerns about data protection, raised by observers that the use of Azure “won’t be legal”.

According to a Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) conducted by the Scottish Police Authority (SPA), which notes that the system will process genetic and biometric information, the risks to data subject rights include access by the US government through the Cloud Act, effectively giving access the US government to any data stored anywhere by US corporations in the cloud; Microsoft’s use of general rather than specific contracts; and Axon’s failure to comply with contractual provisions relating to data sovereignty.

There is also concern that the transfer of personal data to the United States, a jurisdiction with markedly lower data protection standards, could in turn adversely affect people’s rights to correct, delete, and opt out of automated decision making.

While SPA DPIA noted that the risk of US government access through the Cloud Act was “unlikely… the consequences would be catastrophic.”

In addition to Computer Weekly’s coverage of the DESC service, Scottish biometrics commissioner Brian Plastow served with Police Scotland (lead data controller for the system). information notice April 22, 2023, which gives you the right to provide information about their compliance with data protection requirements until mid-June.

The information notice itself directly references the DESC report from Computer Weekly. “Now I am sufficiently concerned about the potential consequences of DESC that, in accordance with the provisions of section 16 of the Scottish Biometrics Commissioner Act 2020, I must now require Police Scotland to provide me with information so that I can determine if Police Scotland is complying with the data protection elements of my of the statutory set of rules,” he wrote in an official notice.

Plastow also outlined the specific information he would like to receive, including whether there was a transfer of biometric data; what types were passed; in what volumes; and in which country the data is stored.

“If biometrics have been exchanged under DESC, please confirm that Police Scotland are fully complying with Part 3 of the UK Data Protection Act 2018 relating to law enforcement data processing and Principle 10 of the Scottish Biometrics Commissioner Code of Practice.” he said, referring to the legislative code that came into force in Scotland on November 16, 2022, after approval by the Scottish government.

Principle 10 of the code specifically addresses the promotion of privacy enhancing technologies and states that the way in which biometric data is acquired, stored, used and destroyed must ensure that the data is protected from unauthorized access or disclosure.

“In order to enforce the Code of Practice, Police Scotland need to demonstrate that any use of hyperscale cloud infrastructure incorporating biometrics complies with law enforcement data protection regulations,” Plastow said. “The best way to achieve this is to have a hosting platform that is entirely located in the UK and meets all the requirements of Part 3 of the Data Protection Act 2018 for law enforcement processing.

“If this is not the case with DESC, then to ensure that public trust and trust is maintained, Police Scotland need to explain to citizens what it means to use the cloud for their personal data. This means talking openly with citizens about which country their data will be stored in and, if the answer is not in the UK, explaining the obvious risks of accessing this extremely sensitive data, either through legal action or malicious intent.”

Responding to the notification, a Police Scotland spokesman said: “Police Scotland takes data management and security very seriously and is working alongside criminal justice partners to ensure that strong, efficient and secure processes are in place to support the development of the DESC system.

“All digital evidence in Dundee’s DESC system is securely stored and only accessible to authorized personnel such as police officers, [Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service] COPFS and protection agents. Access to this information is fully audited and controlled, and processes are in place to ensure that any risks associated with the data are quickly identified, assessed and mitigated. We will continue to work with the Biometrics Commissioner to provide the necessary safeguards for data protection and security as the Dundee pilot progresses.”

Lack of regulatory approval

According to the notice, Plastow is also seeking information on what discussions have taken place with the Office of the Information Commissioner (ICO) on international transfers and digital sovereignty, as well as with Police Scotland, to confirm whether all issues have been resolved to the satisfaction of the ICO.

Computer Weekly previously asked the ICO about the dominance of US cloud providers in the UK criminal justice sector and whether their use is compatible with UK data protection regulations as part of its coverage of the DESC system. The ICO press office was unable to respond. , and forwarded the Computer Weekly questions to the FOI team for further responses.

On April 24, the FOI ICO team responded that while it had received legal advice on the matter, the matter was under review and had not yet come to an official position on the matter. However, the consultation itself was rejected as being the subject of a legal professional privilege.

The ICO also confirmed that it has “never given formal regulatory approval for the use of these systems in a law enforcement context.”

However Correspondence between SPA and ICO — also disclosed under the FOI — showed that the regulator broadly agreed with its risk assessments, noting that technical support from the US or US government access through the Cloud Act would constitute an international data transfer.

“These transfers are unlikely to meet the terms of the respective transfer,” the statement said. “To avoid a potential breach of data protection law, we strongly recommend that you ensure that personal data remains in the UK by contacting the UK technical support team.”

Preliminary consultation

IN separate correspondence with the police in Scotland (again disclosed under the FOI), the ICO noted: “If there remains a residual high risk in your DPIA that cannot be mitigated, prior consultation with the ICO is required pursuant to Section 65 of the DPA 2018. You may not proceed with processing until you have consulted with us”.

While Plastow welcomed DESC’s strategic goals of digitally transforming the way the Scottish justice system manages evidence, he confirmed that his office had never been involved by either the Scottish Government or the Scottish Police prior to the November 29, 2022 meeting.

At the meeting, requested by Plastow himself after learning that biometric data could be passed through the system, the commissioner’s professional advisory panel asked Police Scotland for assurances on data security and data sovereignty issues.

Following the presentation by the security forces, the members of the advisory group demanded that the slides regarding DESC be subsequently distributed. However, the presentation superintendent indicated that he needed to consider this request because some of the slides may contain sensitive commercial information: “The slide package was never received.”

All-British problem

The release of the SPA DPIA also casts doubt on the legality of law enforcement and criminal justice deployments of cloud services across England and Wales, as a number of other DPIAs that Computer Weekly has reviewed do not assess the risks outlined in the SPA for US cloud providers. even though they are subject to the same data protection regulations.

For example, in December 2020, a Computer Weekly investigation found that the UK police illegally processed the personal data of more than one million people, including biometrics, on the Microsoft 365 hyperscale public cloud service after failing to comply with key contractual and processing requirements under Part Three of the Protection Act. 2018 data, such as restrictions on international transfers.

In particular, the DPIA disclosed by Computer Weekly through freedom of information requests showed that the risks of sending sensitive personal data to a US company subject to the US government’s intrusive surveillance regime were not properly considered.

Other uses of US cloud providers in the UK criminal justice sector include integrating the Ident1 fingerprint database with Amazon Web Services (AWS) on the Police Digital Services (PDS) Xchange cloud platform; and HM Courts and Tribunals Cloud Video Platform, partly hosted on Azure, which processes biometric information in the form of audio and video recordings of court hearings.

In mid-April 2023, Biometrics Commissioner for England and Wales Fraser Sampson told Computer Weekly that UK law enforcement and judiciary should be able to prove that their growing use of public cloud infrastructure complies with law enforcement data protection regulations.

Speaking specifically about the use of hyperscale public cloud providers to store and process sensitive biometric data, Sampson said that “the burden of proof is on the police because [data] controllers not only to provide information and guarantees, but also to demonstrate that their processing complies with all applicable [data protection] requirements.” He added that the burden of proof is not only about the law, but also about governance, accountability and building public confidence in how the police use new technology.

During a speech before Parliament’s Joint Committee on Human Rights in February 2023, Sampson noted that there is a “culture of non-deletion” within the UK police force when it comes to preserving biometric information.

Continue Reading


Amazon to refund some customers after ditching Halo devices



Amazon announced Wednesday that it will stop selling its Halo health and fitness devices.

“We recently made the very difficult decision to end support for Amazon Halo effective July 31, 2023,” the company said in a statement. said in a statement shared online.

Knowing that people who recently shelled out for a Halo device might be more than annoyed to hear the news, Amazon has promised that it will offer a full refund to anyone who has purchased a Halo product in the last 12 months.

Unused prepaid Halo subscription fees will also be refunded, Amazon said, and from Wednesday, anyone with a paid subscription will no longer be charged a monthly fee.

The decision to close the Halo business means that Amazon Halo devices and the Amazon Halo app will no longer work as of August 1, 2023.

Anyone who wants to download or delete their Halo health data should do so as soon as possible by going to the in-app settings page as all remaining Halo health data will be deleted after August 1st.

The decision will also affect employees working on Halo products, though Amazon didn’t say how many. However, it stated that anyone who loses their job as a result of Halo’s closure would receive packages that included severance pay, transitional health insurance benefits, and external employment support.

Amazon introduced the first Halo Fitness Band in 2020, followed by the Halo View Band the following year.

The effort marked a bold attempt to compete with fitness tracker leaders like Fitbit, though Amazon also faced some serious competition from smartwatch makers if shoppers were willing to spend more.

The devices record the user’s activity, body fat, sleep and emotional state, and also work with the Amazon Alexa digital assistant.

Just seven months ago, Amazon added a bedside sleep tracker called Halo Rise to its Halo range.

But now the company has apparently changed its mind and decided to close the curtain on its work on Halo.

The announcement comes as Amazon – along with many other tech giants – is struggling with difficult economic conditions, prompting it to restructure its workforce with the loss of thousands of positions across multiple divisions.

If the demise of Halo means you’re now looking for a new fitness tracker, Digital Trends has you covered.

Editorial Recommendations

Continue Reading


Encryption Overview |



Price: £16.79

Developers: Daniel Mullins games

Publishers: Devolver Digital

platforms: Personal Computer

It’s rare that a game grabs your attention from the start menu, but then again, Inscryption is a rare game in many ways. Load Inscryption for the first time, and after seeing the fake loading screen, your right index finger will be briefly confused as you press the New Game button to no avail.

This is because there are no new games in Inscryption. There is only a game. About bones, blood and ritual sacrifices. He played against blinking eyes and withered hands that impatiently pound on the table and sometimes do … other things. Instead, you should click “Continue” because you’ve been playing for a while now and all you can do is continue. You don’t have to think about alternatives.

Let’s continue then. You are sitting on a stool in some remote shack, clutching a card fan in a trembling hand. Each card has a picture of a forest animal. Across the table stands a shadow-shrouded figure who speaks in a heartbreaking hum like Lucifer’s refrigerator. Between you is a board on which they play cards. The guests always start their turn, so you can play as a squirrel. The squirrel is good for nothing, except as an offering for your next card. Sacrifice a squirrel and use the blood to play a stoat. The stoat will talk to you, tell you to play along. Listen stoat.

You’ve run out of moves, so ring the bell. The move will resolve and the game will return to you. On this new turn, you may draw one card from your hand or from the Squirrel deck. Draw a squirrel and place it on the board. Now sacrifice the squirrel and stoat (who will protest) and use the two blood tokens you get to play Wolf.

Allow the move again. The wolf will either attack the animal played in front of it or, if there is no animal, directly at your opponent, after which it will deal damage. Damage is calculated over a set of gauges that rebalance as damage is exchanged. Deal enough damage to your opponent beyond your own damage level and you will win and be able to progress. If you lose, let’s not dwell on what happens if you lose. You will know in due time.

What’s a lot to take? Everything is fine. Feel free to take a break. Yes, you can leave the table if you are not in the middle of a match. Stretch your legs, inspect the cockpit. Admire the crisp pixels of the many items in the room. Fumble with the safe in the corner. Move the hands of the cuckoo clock behind you. Flip through the rulebook to better understand the cards in your hand. Didn’t the stoat say anything about a set of rules? That it can somehow help you get out of this room?

Why not sit down while you think about it? Move your figure to the next point on the map. You can get the chance to get some new cards, like the ant, whose damage stacks with every ant you have in play, or the viper, whose venomous sting instantly kills any animal in front of it. Or you can find much-needed items that will give you disposable equipment, like bottled squirrels that you can add to your hand at any time, or scissors that you can use to cut one of your opponent’s cards. .

Fight enough battles and your opponent will reveal one of his myriad personalities. In these special encounters, you’ll take on enemies like the Prospector, who can turn your cards into useless chunks of gold. Playing through these battles will test your deck handling skills to the limit. But you should be happy with your progress. Few ever get that far.

Winning these meetings can be sweet. But the scent is fleeting. We’re not done yet, not even close. There is much more for you to discover. Perhaps you prefer to build your army out of bones, an alternative type of resource that increases every time one of your animals is killed. Or maybe you’ll use stone altars found throughout the desert, sacrificing one animal to transfer its power to another. Or perhaps you become a skin merchant, collecting those inert cards from a hunter and pitting your opponent against a deck full of worthless skins until you can sell them to the merchant for superpowered cards.

Down and down goes the rabbit hole, it extends from the board into the cockpit itself. They are inextricably linked, you see. The board will lead you to clues in the world that will lead you to more powerful cards that will take you back to the board. With each new clue, your strength increases to the point where you can create unstoppable cards that border on breaking the game. In fact, if there’s a faux pas on your opponent’s part, it’s that he puts too much potential power into your hand and the game runs away from him as soon as you get past a certain point.

But you don’t mind too much, do you? Admit it, you like it here. You love those blinking eyes across the table. You like the terrible atmosphere, the palpable threat of consequences if you lose. You love the feel of blood and bones as they glide across your fingertips, cards that chatter and argue and complain as you play them. You will find it exciting, perhaps even a little funny. Your hands are shaking not from fear, but from excitement.

So why not pull up the stool and play that tricky little game again? Enjoy its dark tones and immerse yourself in its deep and ever-changing decks. I’ll be there with you, hiding in the dark. After all, there is nothing like it.

Continue Reading