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Poor quality and quantity of sleep may raise your risk of developing asthma, according to a new study.
Previous research has already shown that asthma tends to lead to sleep problems, but the researchers wanted to know if the link worked the other way around, meaning how someone slept affected their likelihood of developing asthma, he said. study published on Monday in BMJ Open Respiratory Research.
“We have always known that there is some association between asthma and sleep, but most of the work has been done regarding the presence of obstructive sleep apnea,” said pediatric allergist Dr. S. Amal Assaad, associate director of the Department of Allergy and Immunology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. . She did not participate in the latest study.
To investigate, the researchers examined data from a cohort from 2006 to 2010 of more than 450,000 people in Biobank UK, a large biomedical database and research resource that keeps track of permanent residents. The report states that the age of the people studied ranged from 38 to 73 years.
Nearly 18,000 people in the study were diagnosed with asthma over a 10-year follow-up, according to the study. An analysis of the data showed that people with a genetic predisposition and poor sleep were twice as likely to develop asthma as people at low risk.
Typically, having a genetic predisposition increases the risk of developing asthma by 25-30%, the doctor said. Juanita Mora is a Chicago allergist/immunologist and national spokesperson for the American Lung Association. She did not participate in the investigation.
The good news is that research has shown that healthy sleep is associated with a lower risk of developing asthma, regardless of genetic predisposition.
The authors added that people with high-risk genes and good sleep patterns had a slightly lower risk of developing asthma than those with low genetic risk and poor sleep patterns.
The authors of the study write that by monitoring and treating sleep conditions, healthcare professionals can also mitigate the development of asthma. According to the study, if sleep characteristics were improved, 19% of asthma cases could be prevented.
The finding also points to a greater need for doctors and nurses to talk to their asthma patients about their sleep habits to see if their behavior is making symptoms worse, Mora added.
Key to understanding this research is understanding the interaction between genetics and behavior, Assaad says.
The researchers looked at all the little changes in DNA that can increase your risk of developing asthma, she added. These markers and risk in genetics become the so-called human polygenic risk scale.
But most people don’t know their genetic estimate of how susceptible they are to developing asthma, and instead only know how severe their symptoms are, Assaad said.
People can track triggers and aggravators, one of many of which is sleep, to achieve optimal control of their asthma, Mohr says.
The results may highlight the importance of good sleep hygiene for everyone, regardless of their genetic predisposition to asthma, she added.
Inflammation may be the reason why sleep is so important in treating or preventing asthma, according to the study.
Asthma is generally considered a chronic inflammatory disease, the study says. Previous research has shown that problems with sleep duration and insomnia are linked to chronic inflammation.
Sleep disturbances are also associated with chronic activation of the stress response, part of which plays a key role in the development of asthma, the study says.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, adults need at least seven hours of sleep per night.
For many people this doesn’t happen. one in three Americans have a sleep deficit, According to the CDC.
But not only the quantity is important, but also the quality.
“Signs of poor sleep quality include not feeling rested even after getting enough sleep, frequent waking during the night, and symptoms sleep disorders (e.g. snoring or shortness of breath),” the CDC said in a statement.
This is where good sleep (or habit) hygiene comes into play.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends going to bed and waking up at the same time, maintaining a comfortable and dark bedroom, and avoiding electronics before bed.
A comfortable room usually means cool — 60 to 67 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 20 degrees Celsius), according to a 2021 CNN article.
The sleep-ready treatment isn’t just for kids who need a bath and a book before bed. Keeping busy is a great way to signal to the brain of any age that it’s time to take a break, baby sleep expert Ariel Williamson, a psychologist at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, told CNN earlier this year.
You should also avoid large meals, caffeine and alcohol before bed and be active during the day to sleep better.
Experts say if none of these changes improve your sleep, it might be time to see a doctor.