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Women at increased risk of inflation-related stress



A new study shows that rising inflation is causing significant stress on the US population, especially among women and socioeconomically vulnerable groups.

A study of survey data from the US Census Bureau found that, after adjusting for socioeconomic status (SES), women were 28% more likely to experience inflationary stress than men. However, it is unclear to what extent inflation-related stress contributed to differences in health outcomes.

“Populations are not equally tolerant of inflationary stress,” said lead author Cary Wu, Ph.D., an assistant professor of sociology at York University in Toronto, Canada. Medscape Medical News. “My research shows that women are more likely than men to view inflation as stressful. This may be due to gender roles that lead to their greater exposure to price changes. Racial minorities, who often rank lower in SES, also show higher chances of finding inflation stressful. “

studying what is published May 15 at The JAMA network is open.

SES and stress

For their study, the researchers analyzed data from the US Census Bureau’s Household Heart Rate Survey, an online probability-based survey that measures the social and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other emerging issues on US households. The researchers examined data collected from September 2022 to February 2023. The survey included the question: “How stressful was the price increase in the last 2 months for you?” The researchers also examined socio-demographic variables such as gender, race and ethnicity, age, marital status, education, and family income.

Among the 369,328 respondents, 5.1% were Asian, 11.2% were black, 17.3% were Hispanic, and 62.1% were white. Women made up 51.3% of the group, about a third (31.8%) had a bachelor’s degree or higher education, and the average age of the respondents was 49 years. Among the 93.2% of respondents who reported that prices have risen in the last 2 months, 47.3% said it was very stressful, 28.2% described it as moderately stressful, 18.9% said it was a bit stressful , while 5.6% did not. find it stressful.

A baseline model that included gender, race, marital status, age, region, and survey week showed that women had significantly higher inflation-related stress than men (odds ratio [OR], 1.30). Black and Hispanic respondents reported higher inflationary stress than white respondents (OR 1.25 and 1.65, respectively). In contrast, Asian respondents reported lower inflationary stress than white respondents (OR, 0.86).

Compared to married respondents, those who were widowed, divorced, or living apart experienced higher inflationary stress (OR 1.54; OR 1.57 and 1.99, respectively). Inflationary stress was higher for respondents aged 31 to 40 (OR, 1.11) than for those who were older or younger.

In the second model, the researchers added educational attainment and household income as indicators of SES. “Comparing the changes in the impact of demographic variables between the two models provides a general idea of ​​how socioeconomic disparities in terms of education and household income may or may not explain demographic differences in inflationary stress,” they explain.

Post-analysis showed that higher education, such as an advanced degree, and an income level of $200,000 or more were associated with lower inflationary stress (ORs of 0.41 and 0.14, respectively). The inclusion of SES scores had little effect on the gender outcome, but changed the race results: black inflation stress was no longer significantly different from white stress, and Asian respondents showed slightly higher inflation stress (OR, 1.07).

“SES also appears to explain a large proportion of the differences in inflationary stress by marital status,” the researchers note. Higher inflationary stress among respondents aged 31 to 40 became more significant after adjusting for differences in SES (OR, 1.30).

“In times of high inflation, there is an urgent need for research and policy development to protect public health and prevent worsening health inequalities,” the authors write.

Especially for high-risk groups, “physicians can play a critical role in helping patients avoid the health consequences of inflationary stress,” Wu said. “By addressing mental health issues, promoting healthy lifestyles, providing support for chronic disease management, and offering educational resources, clinicians can help their patients cope with inflationary stress and promote overall well-being.”

Examining Health Differences

Commenting on the results for Medscape, Wang-Ching Kuo, Ph.D., RN, assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing, said: “The authors used an innovative approach and a nationally representative dataset to study racial and ethnic differences in Americans. “Subjective perceptions of the current high rate of inflation. They found strong gender differences and a gradual increase in inflation-related stress as income and education declined. They also found that adjusting income and education redistributed inflation-related stress across racial and ethnic groups.In addition to the importance of the subject, the quantification of inflation-related stress and its relationship to health disparities is worth discussing.” Kuo was not involved in the study.

However, she noted that when examining inflation-related stress, “financial stress and financial position should be placed in context.” IN recent researchKuo distinguished between financial stress “as a subjective feeling of lack of financial resources” and “as measured by objective indicators other than income, such as assets, housing, mortgages, employment, or food stamps.” However, in the current study, inflation-related stress was quantified using a single question without the important context associated with financial stress. Consequently, their results may be skewed by personal values ​​or beliefs, standard of living, financial status and living conditions. .”

Kuo stressed that “although the authors attempted to link their findings to explaining differences in health status, it is important to acknowledge that health outcomes, health behaviors, or health-related quality of life were neither objectively nor subjectively assessed in the current study.” . remains unanswered in terms of the extent to which inflation-related stress affects the health status of socioeconomic, racial and ethnic minorities.”

The Social and Human Research Council of Canada provided funding for the study. Wu and Kuo have not disclosed any relevant financial relationship.

JAMA The network is open. Published May 15, 2023 Full text

Keith Johnson is a freelance medical journalist based in Montreal who has been writing in all areas of medicine for over 30 years.

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Improving Memory with a Daily Multivitamin



Multivitamin supplementation slowed cognitive decline in older adults COSMOS web research has shown.

Compared with placebo, participants who took a daily multivitamin/multimineral supplement had significantly better self-remembering after 1 year.P=0.025) and on average over 4 years of observation (P= 0.011), reports Adam Brickman, Ph.D. at Columbia University in New York, and co-authors in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The researchers calculated that multivitamins improved memory performance compared to placebo, equivalent to 3.1 years of age-related memory changes. The effect was more pronounced in people with concomitant cardiovascular diseases.

The findings are consistent with data from COSMOS-Mind, another COSMOS subsidiary study, which found that daily multivitamin supplementation resulted in improved cognition, episodic memory, and executive function. The effects of COSMOS-Mind were also more pronounced in people with a history of cardiovascular disease.

“There is evidence that people with cardiovascular disease may have lower micronutrient levels that multivitamins can correct, but we don’t yet know why the effect is stronger in this group,” Brickman said in a statement.

“Supplements of any kind should not replace more holistic ways to get the same micronutrients,” he warned. “While multivitamins are generally safe, people should always check with their doctor before taking them.”

COSMOS-Web was designed to study the effects of flavanol or multivitamin dietary supplements on hippocampal-mediated cognition in older adults at 1 year.

“There is similar evidence that the hippocampus is particularly susceptible to the effects of normal aging, and our previous interventional studies with nutritional supplements have shown positive effects on the hippocampus, indexed by both neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment,” Brickman and colleagues wrote.

They added that the COSMOS-Web cognitive battery includes neuropsychological outcome measures designed to address the cognitive changes commonly seen in older people.

COSMOS-Web was built into the parent SPACE A trial comparing cocoa flavanol extract with placebo or Centrum Silver daily multivitamin with placebo in people aged 60 years and older. (The authors noted that data for flavanol will be presented in a separate article.) Randomization was performed between April 2016 and March 2018.

The main outcome of COSMOS-Web was performance after 1 year of using Rei’s modified auditory verbal training. (ModRey) Test for immediate memory of 20 words. Secondary outcomes included change in ModRey immediate recall scores at 2 and 3 years, ModRey retention (the ratio of delayed recall to immediate recall that relates to entorhinal cortex function), and scores on novel object recognition and executive function tests. The tests were carried out through a web platform.

The intention-to-treat analysis included 3562 participants randomized to a multivitamin or placebo arm who completed at least one follow-up measurement at 1, 2, or 3 years. Demographic characteristics and baseline performance measures were similar between groups.

Tablet compliance was 94.4% at 6 months and 91.8% at 1 year. In a small subgroup, investigators evaluated blood samples and found increases in serum folic acid, vitamin B12, and 25(OH)vitamin D with multivitamins compared with placebo.

Compared to those who took placebo, participants who received multivitamin supplements experienced significantly greater improvement in ModRey working memory between baseline and 1 year. in the placebo group, it increased from 7.21 words to 7.65 words.

Mean memory improvement compared to placebo was sustained for at least 3 years after baseline. Secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between groups in any of the subsequent years.

In participants with a history of cardiovascular disease, the effect compared to placebo on the ModRey scale was higher at 1 year (mean difference 1.24 words, P= 0.009) than in people without underlying cardiovascular disease.

The data supports a growing body of evidence that nutrition may play a role in brain health.

“The finding that daily multivitamin supplementation improved memory in two separate studies of cognition in the randomized COSMOS trial is remarkable, suggesting that multivitamin supplementation holds promise as a safe, affordable, and affordable approach to protecting cognitive health in older adults,” co-author said. . Joanne Manson, MD, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston.

The researchers acknowledged that the results may not apply to all older people. The sample consisted mainly of white educated adults. To participate in the study, people were required to have a computer and an Internet connection.

  • Judy George covers neuroscience and neuroscience news for MedPage Today, writing about brain aging, Alzheimer’s, dementia, multiple sclerosis, rare diseases, epilepsy, autism, headache, stroke, Parkinson’s, ALS, concussion, CTE, sleep, pain, and much more. Follow

Information disclosure

The study was supported by grants from Mars Edge and the National Institutes of Health. Multivitamins were supplied by Pfizer (now Haleon).

Researchers have reported relationships with Pure Encapsulations, Pfizer, the Council for Responsible Nutrition, BASF, NIH, and the American Nutrition Society.

main source

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Link to source: Yeung LK, at al “Multivitamin Supplements Improve Memory in Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial” Am J Clin Nutr 2023; DOI: 10.1016/j.ajcnut.2023.05.011.

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30 tons of explosive chemicals lost during rail transport, officials say



About 60,000 pounds of the chemical, which was used both as a fertilizer and as an explosive, went missing after it likely disappeared on a rail trip from Wyoming to California last month, according to federal records.

Railway wagon carrying ammonium nitrate left the Cheyenne, Wyoming plant of explosives maker Dyno Nobel on April 12, according to an incident report filed by a company representative with the National Response Center on May 10.

The report says the chemical was released “for an unknown reason” and that it was found missing after a railroad car arrived in Saltdale, California, an unincorporated community more than 1,000 miles from Cheyenne.

According to the company, at the time of publication, the car was empty and was returning to Wyoming.

Ammonium nitrate has been a key ingredient used in both terrorist attacks and fatal accidents.

At least 581 people died in 1947 when more than 2,000 tons of a chemical exploded on a freighter docked in the Port of Texas City, Texas. That same year, a Norwegian ship carrying about 3,000 tons of ammonium nitrate exploded in Brest, France, killing 29 people.

It was also used in the 1970 University of Wisconsin-Madison campus bombing that killed one person and injured several others, and the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.

In 2013, ammonium nitrate caused an explosion at a fertilizer plant in West, Texas, which killed 15 people, injured 200, and destroyed hundreds of homes. Federal officials later ruled that the bombing was a “criminal act”.

In 2020, it was the source of a colossal explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, when more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate exploded, killing more than 200 people and injuring thousands.

“It’s a very common chemical that everyone who uses fertilizers regularly comes across and doesn’t think anything about,” Caltech chemistry professor Nathan Lewis told NBC News after the Beirut explosion.

“Just give him some fuel and you’re asking for trouble, which apparently happened,” Lewis said of the Lebanon incident.

But Kristen South, spokesperson for Union Pacific, the railroad company that transported the chemical, said in a statement that the chemical’s recent disappearance should not threaten society.

“The fertilizer is intended for ground application and fast absorption into the soil. If the loss resulted from a train car leaking during transit from origin to destination, the release should not pose a risk to public health or the environment,” South said, adding that the company’s investigation into the incident was “at an early stage.”

“At this stage of the investigation, we do not believe there is any criminal or malicious activity involved,” South added.

Representative of Dyno Nobel said KQEDthe California news agency that first reported the incident, company officials believe the chemical leaked through the railroad car during transit.

“The car was sealed when it left the Cheyenne plant and the seals were still intact when it arrived in Saltdale. The initial assessment is that the bottom gate of the car may have leaked during transit,” a KQED spokesperson said.

A Federal Railroad Administration spokesman said his ongoing investigation suggests that one of the car’s gates was not closed properly.

Representatives for Dyno Nobel, the FRA and the California Public Utilities Commission did not respond to NBC News’s requests for comment sent Sunday afternoon.

Colin Sheley another Daniella Silva contributed.

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Introducing the seamless underwear revolution



Seamless lingerie, a marvel of innovation in lingerie, redefines the boundaries of comfort and style. Its lightweight and breathable design sets it apart from others, allowing you to wear it effortlessly in your daily life without any feeling of tightness or burdensome weight. Say goodbye to uncomfortable seams that have plagued traditional underwear for a long time, causing irritation and discomfort in the most uncomfortable places. Experience sheer elegance in seamless lingerie designed specifically for those looking for ultimate comfort while maintaining a casual, chic look throughout the day.

A kaleidoscope of styles in the world of seamless underwear

Seamless underwear is considered one of the most comfortable and sought after on the market. Its reputation is based on superior comfort, flawless fit and unparalleled freedom of movement. To meet different preferences and needs, Seamless underwear comes in a bewitching array of styles and fabrics. Let’s take a look at a few interesting options available today:

Bikini panties. Enhance the charm of these low-rise panties with a slim waistband that gracefully hugs your natural waistline. These adorable pieces feature invisible leg openings for comfort and discreet under any outfit. Offering full coverage without revealing or limiting, they strike the perfect balance.

Shorts for boys. Designed for those looking for maximum thigh-to-thigh coverage, the Boys Shorts exude confidence and exceptional comfort. Their high waist ensures safety and a snug fit around the waist. Whether you’re wearing a short dress or a skirt that tends to ride up as you move, fear not – these boys shorts will keep you protected by preventing any possible wardrobe mishaps.

Thong panties. While not as common as other styles, thongs offer minimal fabric coverage combined with maximum support. They are slender and flattering, flattering under skinny jeans or leggings for an ultra-shine look.

Discovering Hidden Gems: The Benefits of Wearing Seamless Underwear

An integral part of our daily wear, underwear deserves close attention when it comes to finding the perfect fit for comfort and health. Let’s dive into some of the great benefits of seamless underwear.

The most important of the advantages is the unsurpassed comfort that it provides. Seamless underwear with no seams or tags fits snugly against the skin, eliminating the hassle of chafing or pinching. This is especially helpful for people with sensitive skin or people who often experience irritation from traditional underwear. In addition, seamless underwear often uses breathable materials such as cotton and spandex, which allow air to circulate more freely and keep you cool and comfortable throughout the day.

In addition to increased comfort, seamless underwear also boasts improved hygienic properties. The absence of seams and marks reduces areas where bacteria can accumulate, providing a longer feeling of freshness. By eliminating the buildup of odor-causing bacteria in hard-to-reach areas, seamless underwear contributes to an increased feeling of freshness and cleanliness. Plus, with superior craftsmanship and the use of better materials, seamless underwear has a longer lifespan, saving you money in the long run by reducing the frequency of replacements.

Care for seamless underwear: care guide

As seamless styles continue to dominate the lingerie industry for both men and women, proper care becomes critical to maintaining their durability and performance. Follow these important tips to keep your seamless underwear in perfect condition:

Gentle hand wash: Machine washing can damage the delicate fabric of seamless underwear, causing damage and unnecessary wear. Instead, choose a gentle hand wash using a mild detergent. Fill a basin with cold water and add a small amount of detergent. Shake your underwear gently and let it soak in for a short time. Rinse the fabric thoroughly with cold water to maintain the shape, elasticity and original color of the fabric.

Air Dry: Avoid using a dryer when drying seamless underwear, as high temperatures can shrink or damage the material over time. Instead, choose to air dry by hanging them on a clothesline indoors or laying them out on a clean, dry surface. Ensure proper ventilation to speed up the drying process and maintain the integrity of the fabric.

Separation is key: When washing seamless underwear, it is important to separate it from other garments, especially those with zippers, hooks, or rough textures. This prevents any potential snagging or damage to delicate fabrics, ensuring the longevity of your underwear.

Careful storage. Proper storage is critical to maintaining the shape and condition of seamless underwear. Fold them carefully and place them in a storage box or box away from direct sunlight and excessive heat. This will prevent any unnecessary stretching, fading or deterioration of the fabric.

Charming Conclusion: Seamless Underwear is Your Perfect Companion

Seamless underwear is a great choice for any wardrobe, seamlessly combining comfort, breathability and flexibility while maintaining its shape and elegance. Smooth fabric and a form-fitting cut will take the worry out of visible lines or creases, allowing you to confidently wear any outfit. With a wide range of styles and colors to suit every taste, seamless underwear is the perfect combination of comfort and style, making it a must-have option for those who value comfort and fashion in their underwear.

Embrace the seamless underwear revolution and experience a new level of comfort and sophistication that will transform your everyday wear. Discover the allure of seamless lingerie and discover a world of unparalleled comfort, flawless fit and durable style. Refresh your wardrobe and enjoy the allure of seamless lingerie today.

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